The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) protects identifiable educational records. Records may not be released without a written authorization from parents or from students themselves when they become 18. See our guide on FERPA.
The Health Insurance, Portability, and Accountability Act (HIPAA) covers the disclosure of protected health information held a US hospital or clinic. Individuals may provide written authorization for the release of their records. See our guide on HIPAA.